Capital: Baghdad, surface: 435 052 km2. The name Iraq comes from Farsi "Eraq" or "Bilād ar-Rāfidain" which means the lowland and also the land between the two rivers (Tigris and Euphratis). Ethnic groups: Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans.
Two archaeological projects ran by Christine Kepinsky and now led by Aline Tenu in Iraqi Kurdistan. During the 3rd millenium BCE, Kunara was a small city with an organised administration, belonging to the state of Lullubum. It had many exchanges with its neighbours (Iran, Mesopotamia), attested by ceramics, seals, cuneiform tablets and lithics.